Medical waste should be disposed of properly, or else it can lead to the contamination of pathogens and bacteria that can spread to animals and humans, resulting in an epidemic. Besides endangering the lives of people and animals, it also damages the environment, so as a medical waste generator, you must partner with the right company to ensure medical waste is collected, stored, transported, and disposed of as per the rules laid down by the state in the USA.
An insight into biomedical waste and the results of its improper disposal methods
Biomedical waste is a type of medical waste that includes waste from body parts, chemical or pharmaceutical waste, sharps waste, and cytotoxic waste. It is not like a hazardous waste that is considered toxic since it is radioactive in nature or contains sharps. However, it can pollute the environment and put human health at risk. It can lead to groundwater contamination and pollute rivers ways and streams, causing damage to wildlife, aquatic life, and irrigation systems for agriculture.
Breathing issues caused by pollutants in the air
Air pollutants that are generated by off-site and on-site incineration where the standards of emission are not correctly maintained have the ability to contaminate and lead to the spread of toxic airborne particles that affect humans with respiratory issues. If biomedical waste is not correctly contained and supervised as per the regulations of the state, the diagnostic technologies emit radioactive particles into the atmosphere. These particles travel long distances to other regions, and they disseminate pollutants across the air to both uninhabited and inhabited land resulting in disease and illness.
Compliance standards should be followed
Some laws are applicable to the generators of biohazardous waste, and the standards of the state and the federal government must be followed to prevent risks of injuries to the environment and healthcare workers. Biomedical waste is generated by surgical clinics, hospitals, outpatient medical units, and veterinary services. Education and awareness are important to reduce contamination when one is dealing with medical waste, so the basic rules pertaining to programs for waste management should be stringently followed.
Incorrect disposal methods and the diseases it causes
The incorrect disposal methods of biomedical waste leads to the spread of tuberculosis, cholera, infections in the skin, and infections in the lung like obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, and lung cancer. It also results in the spread of viral illnesses, HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C.
If a person is exposed to pollution in the air, it can cause a number of diseases, increase the risks of hospitalization and even lead to premature death. Many people in the USA die prematurely due to air pollution, and it also has an adverse effect on cardiovascular health, leading to the risks of heart failure, heart attacks, hypertension, arrhythmia, and angina with the possibility of a heart stroke. Biomedical waste leads to water pollution, and it spreads pathogenic microbes via contaminated water and causes a host of waterborne illnesses like a neural virus, salmonella, giardiasis, and more.